Foundations are broadly classified as :  Shallow Foundations  Deep Foundations The term footing is used in conjunction with sh...

Difference between Foundation and Footing


Foundations are broadly classified as : 
  • Shallow Foundations 
  • Deep Foundations
The term footing is used in conjunction with shallow foundations commonly. A footing is a foundation unit constructed in brick work, masonry or concrete under the base of a wall or a column for the purpose of distributing the load over a large area. A footing or a shallow foundation is placed immediately below the lowest part of the Superstructure supported by it. Some examples of footings are:
  • Spread footings for columns
  • Spread footings for walls
  • Combined footings for columns and walls
  • Strap footing
  • Pile foundation
  • Stages in forming vibro-expanded piles
  • Well foundation
  • Coffer dams

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